The indulgences which the demagogues acclaim as the greatest graces are actually understood to be such only insofar as they promote gain. The most vehement voice against the theses was the Indulgence Priest Tetzelwho supposedly categorized Luther as a follower of the heretic Jan Hus and threatened to have him burned at the stake.
If the Pope seeks by his pardon the salvation of souls, rather than money, why does he annul letters of indulgence granted long ago, and declare them out of force, though they are still in force.
In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. On the other hand, the treasure of indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to be first. The true treasures of the church, out of which the pope distributes indulgences, are not sufficiently discussed or known among the people of Christ.
The pope does very well when he grants remission to souls in purgatory, not by the power of the keys, which he does not have, but by way of intercession for them. Yet it does not mean solely inner repentance; such inner repentance is worthless unless it produces various outward mortification of the flesh.
But they ought still more to mark with eyes and ears, that these commissaries do not preach their own fancies instead of what the Pope has commanded. In former times canonical penalties were imposed, not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. Injury is done to the Word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or larger amount of time is devoted to indulgences than to the Word.
Further, the Theses contradicted the decree of Pope Clement VIthat indulgences are the treasury of the church. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the first to be last Mt. To say that even St. The pope neither desires nor is able to remit any penalties except those imposed by his own authority or that of the canons.
We say on the contrary that papal indulgences cannot remove the very least of venial sins as far as guilt is concerned. The quill penetrates the head of a lion symbolizing Pope Leo X.
Nor are they the merits of Christ and the saints, for, even without the pope, the latter always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outer man. For the graces of indulgences are concerned only with the penalties of sacramental satisfaction established by man.
Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ the same as despair, fear, and assurance of salvation. The pope neither desires nor is able to remit any penalties except those imposed by his own authority or that of the canons. Further sayings of Tetzel, such as, "When the money clangs in the box, the souls spring up to heaven", also brought protests from Luther.
The faculty of the University of Mainz, whose opinion on the Theses Albrecht requested, responded in December; John Eck responded in early ; and Tetzel himself responded at the meeting of the Saxon Dominicans in Jan,as well as through a written rebuttal in April.
Martin Luther, and Kurt Aland. Martin Luther's 95 Theses: With the Pertinent Documents from the History of the Reformation. (Saint Louis: Concordia Pub. Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses.
Martin Luther () is rightly regarded as the founder of the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation - the religious, political, cultural and social revolution that broke the hold of the Catholic Church over Europe.
Luther was. Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses. Martin Luther () is rightly regarded as the founder of the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation - the religious, political, cultural and social revolution that broke the hold of the Catholic Church over Europe.
Luther was. Martin Luther, and Kurt Aland. Martin Luther's 95 Theses: With the Pertinent Documents from the History of the Reformation.
(Saint Louis: Concordia Pub. Reactions to the 95 Theses Luther sent his 95 Theses to a few bishops and some friends; therefore he did not expect or receive a prompt response. By the end ofhowever, copies of the 95 Theses had been printed in Leipzig, Nuremberg and Basel.
To understand better Luther’s impact on today’s church and world, Christian History talked with Lutheran historian Martin E. Marty, Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor at the.Impact of martin luthers 99 thesis